How AODD Pumps Can Satisfy All Demands in Mining Operations

Mining is certainly one of the world’s oldest industries, tracing its roots again to those prehistoric days when someone grabbed a digging instrument and started burrowing into the bottom. In the various millennia since, mining has grown into one of many world’s most necessary and widespread business enterprises, with operations unfold across the globe while tasked with recovering an nearly inexhaustible listing of priceless commodities.
In fact, in accordance with the World Mining Congress’s World Mining Data 2020 report, 17.7 billion metric tons of mined merchandise were recovered in 2018, up from eleven.three billion metric tons in 2000 and nearly double the 9.6 billion metric tons in 1985. Asian international locations accounted for 58 percent of the 2018 manufacturing, with North America second at 15.1 p.c, followed by Europe (8 percent), Oceania (6.eight percent), Latin America (6.3 percent), and Africa (5.3 percent). Individually, China (23 percent), the United States (12.1 percent), Russia (9.2 percent), and Australia (7.2 percent) have been probably the most prolific producers, with their whole fifty one.1 p.c of production greater than the remainder of the world combined.
This means that the mining business is a robust one, with stable growth anticipated to proceed within the coming years in many regions of the world. It additionally signifies that mining operations will proceed to rely on pumping applied sciences that provide strong, dependable, and protected service in numerous crucial liquid-handling operations. This white paper will illustrate why optimistic displacement air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps could be your best option for many of these purposes.
While mining may look like nothing greater than a rough-and-tumble operation—holes are dug by heavy machinery or with explosives, opening the hidden ode to entry from above—there are, in fact, many complex and generally delicate operations that have to be carried out correctly if the mining operation is to perform at its highest stage of efficiency.
From a macro standpoint, this requires a pumping know-how that can function reliably in harsh and remote areas, even when submerged, or when tasked with dealing with particulate-laden liquids or toxic/corrosive products, and likewise one that is in a position to be maintained and repaired simply so downtime is lessened. The pumps should also be light sufficient to be manually moved from location to location inside the mine itself.
For a few years, a well-liked alternative to be used in these circumstances was centrifugal pumps. While centrifugal pumps are in a position to create the excessive move charges which are required, they’ve a variety of operational “pain points” that hamper their use in mining functions: an inability to self-prime or run dry; particular seals wanted to stop leaks; special linings needed to deal with solids; excessive motor speeds of up to 1,800 rpm; and relatively high maintenance necessities and prices, particularly when charged with transferring solid-heavy liquids.
Another popular selection has been the progressive cavity pump, but, like centrifugal pumps, they have a variety of operational shortcomings. These include an incapability to constantly handle liquids with high ranges of abrasives, which leads to increased maintenance prices, put on on costly stators and rotors that can finally have to be changed, and total higher purchase, operating, and repair/replacement costs.
Here are a number of the particular liquid-transfer operations that happen in a mine and the ways that some pump applied sciences can fall short in satisfying them:
Mine dewatering: Removing excess produced water from the mine is a crucial 24/7/365 operation and the water that’s recovered is often full of particulates that may be as large as zero.12 to zero.sixteen inches in dimension. If used in this utility, centrifugal pumps require particular materials of construction, which can be cost prohibitive, to protect against impeller put on caused by the abrasive particles. Centrifugal pumps are additionally not dry-run capable, which adversely affects their level of performance on this utility.
General service: For common liquid-handling applications, you want an easy-to-operate pump that reliably can run dry, strip lines, operate at low speeds while nonetheless delivering excessive move charges, and be easy to maintain and repair. Centrifugal pumps merely do not possess these capabilities.
Corrosive liquids: Much like solid-laden liquids, corrosive ones can wreak havoc on the wetted components of centrifugal and progressive cavity pumps. This sometimes demands a necessity to use particular mechanical seals, which can result in exorbitant maintenance, restore, and replacement costs.
Press filter: Press filters are used to scrub the liquids which are produced in the mines and, again, centrifugal pumps can fall short on this software as a outcome of the solid-laden liquid can harm the pump’s internals except special, costlier materials of construction or linings are used. Also, the character of press-filter operation creates a powerful discharge-pressure variation that may drive the centrifugal pump to operate away from its greatest efficiency point (BEP), resulting in high vibration and radial hundreds that may lead to shortened service life. A resolution to this is the incorporation of variable frequency drives (VFDs) and controllers, but these are costly and may negatively affect the cost-effectiveness of the operation.
Product transfer: This is available in all forms in a mining operation, from loading and unloading from transport vehicles with new and used oil for the heavy machinery, contemporary and fouled water, and any chemical compounds that are required. In every occasion, there is the danger that the pump shall be forced to run dry because the truck or storage vessel is emptied, while discharge-pressure variation also can generate high vibration and radial loads. As beforehand illustrated, centrifugal pumps cannot run dry, in order that they need protection from this condition or the addition of particular seals. However, all of these upgrades nonetheless cannot completely defend against a catastrophic failure.
While centrifugal pumps—despite their popularity—have confirmed to not be the most effective resolution in lots of liquid-handling applications in mining, one pump expertise that has proven to be an optimum selection is AODD—in terms of maximizing reliability, cost-effectiveness, ease of operation and maintenance, and safety for mining personnel and the environment.
AODD pumps are in a place to carry out successfully in mining functions because their method of operation permits them to simply deal with variable circulate rates and pressures, whereas being dry-run and line-stripping capable, and nimble sufficient to transfer liquids which would possibly be shear-sensitive or high-viscosity, as properly as slurries laden with rocks, pebbles, and different particulates.
The easy design of the AODD pump options few transferring parts and comparably decrease speeds than different pump applied sciences, which improves reliability and simplifies maintenance, while the pump’s seal-less development results in fewer leaks, which is a critical consideration when handling the various hard-to-seal, corrosive, or hazardous liquids which would possibly be prevalent in a mining operation. AODD pumps can be found in both steel (most generally aluminum, ductile iron and solid iron) and plastic (polypropylene and PVDF) housing constructions, while a extensive array of elastomers can be utilized within the diaphragms, which eliminates many chemical-compatibility issues.
A wide variety of AODD pump configurations provide operational flexibility that may also result in optimized performance at many levels. The ability to function AODD pumps in a variety of functions, from fundamental basic use to delicate chemical-handling processes, permits operators to more cost-effectively outfit their mines. AODD pumps can also be less costly to operate, particularly these fashions which are outfitted with a next-generation mechanically actuated air distribution system (ADS). At their most simple, AODD pumps excel within the typical rugged and harsh operating conditions discovered in the world’s mines, which reduces breakdown incidents along with corresponding downtime and repair prices.
Specifically, pressure gauge 2.5 นิ้ว , whose founder, Jim Wilden, conceived the AODD pumping precept sixty-five years ago, has been dedicated to developing technologies that meet the wants of mining operations. Today, Wilden offers three AODD pump fashions that are constructed to excel in mining purposes, obtainable in ductile iron, forged iron, aluminum, polypropylene and Kynar materials of development:
Brahma® Series: The Brahma pumps, which feature a bolted configuration, have been constructed to be used in purposes that require the dealing with of liquids that includes massive solids. The Brahma pumps have a singular top-inlet/bottom-discharge move orientation and flap valves that allow the passage of huge solids with no risk that harm will occur because of product entrapment or the settling of solids within the pump’s inner flow paths. Brahma pumps can be found in two models—PS810 (2-inch) and PS1510 (3-inch)—that are outfitted with the revolutionary Pro-Flo® SHIFT ADS, which has been designed to reduce air consumption by as a lot as 60 %. The T810 and T1510 models are powered by the Turbo-Flo™ ADS, the industry’s first air motor for AODD pumps. The flow-rate range for the 4 Brahma pumps is 166 to 258 gallons per minute at pressures as a lot as 125 psi with solids-handling functionality starting from 2 to 3 inches.
Stallion® Series: The Stallion pumps function a clamped design with carrying handles for lightweight portability. Their design features massive inside clearances and flow-through paths for straightforward passage of large solids with no chance for clogging. An altered ball/seat check-valve meeting further enables solids passage, whereas a polyurethane screen base at the inlet will increase the pump’s sturdiness. The PS4, PS8, and PS15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) models are powered by a Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, with the T4, T8, and T15 (1.5-, 2-, and 3-inch) pumps featuring the Turbo-Flo ADS, Wilden’s most strong ADS design for the hardest environments. Flow charges amongst the six models vary from fifty seven gallons per minute to 232 gallons per minute at working pressures as much as 125 psi. Solids sizes that may be handled range from half of to 1 inch.
Pro-Flo SHIFT Series: Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps feature clamped or bolted configuration. Their design options totally different chamber materials, including steel and plastics, even Kynar, which is able to handling high levels of abrasive supplies. The Pro-Flo SHIFT is also the most environment friendly AODD pump out there, capable of lowering as a lot as 60 % air consumption. This makes it the most suitable choice for handling corrosive and abrasive merchandise in mining processes. The pumps have a product vary that goes from 1.5 to three inches and flows from 2 to 271 gallons per minute.
All of the Brahma, Stallion, and Pro-Flo SHIFT pumps are capable of be outfitted with a wide selection of diaphragm styles—including the newer Chem-Fuse, EZ-Install, and Reduced-Stroke models—in a various array of supplies, such as Wil-Flex™ (Santoprene®), Geolast®, Polyurethane, Buna-N®, EPDM, Neoprene, FKM, and PTFE. This diaphragm range gives users the widest choice of diaphragms available on the market, all of which are capable of offering prolonged imply time between failure (MTBF) for optimized uptime with reduced maintenance, repair, and alternative prices.
All of these capabilities make AODD pumps the best choice for the aforementioned common liquid-handling applications in mining: dewatering, general service, corrosive-handling, filter press, and daily product transfer.
In abstract, Wilden AODD pumps are the most suitable choice for mining functions as a outcome of they offer appreciable operational advantages, like comparable low-speed operation, dry-run, line-stripping, self-priming, and deadhead functionality, together with elevated operational safety and a discount in maintenance/repair prices that can be incurred by pumps that aren’t designed to deal with abrasive/corrosive or solid-laden liquids.
Wilden AODD pumps also outperform different AODD applied sciences in different important methods: simple design with the lowest number of components for sooner, less complicated, and safer repairs and the lowest number of spare elements to stock; latest improvements in supplies of building that enhance the pump’s MTBF; and improved efficiency through the utilization of the Pro-Flo SHIFT ADS, which in the end leads to faster product switch with lower air consumption. Wilden also continues to innovate by way of the event of the next-generation Chem-Fuse and EZ-Install diaphragms, each of which enhance service life and safety whereas not compromising the handling of difficult liquids.
Fernando Meneses is the regional manager North Latin America for Wilden, a leading manufacturer of air-operated double-diaphragm (AODD) pumps. He may be reached at Wilden is a product brand of PSG®, a Dover firm. PSG is comprised of a number of main pump companies, together with Abaque®, All-Flo™, Almatec®, Blackmer®, Ebsray, em-tec®, Griswold®, Hydro™, Mouvex®, Neptune®, Quantex™, Quattroflow®, RedScrew™, and Wilden®. For extra data, visit or

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