Langley Alloys – How to source large super duplex components

Super duplex grades provide an unrivalled mixture of excessive strength, corrosion resistance and value. However, they’re sensitive to the formation of harmful microstructural phases if cooled too slowly during production or heated too highly during fabrication.
In easy phrases, a bar of steel is a crystalline material. The inside construction is made up of individual crystal grains of differing sizes and orientations, the character of which influences its bodily and mechanical properties. The microstructure is a factor of composition and thermal historical past. For this cause, steelmaking is commonly in contrast with baking – controlling the recipe and the time and temperature within the ‘oven’.
Super duplex stainless steels are a combination of ferritic and austenitic grains that give them their beneficial properties. Solution annealing ensures a constant composition throughout the merchandise, frozen in place by rapid quenching.
If cooling is merely too slow, other crystal grains known as ‘phases’, may form. Sigma and chi ‘intermetallic phases’ are wealthy in chromium, which means the encompassing area has a decrease chromium content material. As chromium encourages corrosion resistance, the areas across the sigma phase are of much lower corrosion resistance. Also, pressure gauge 10 bar , brittle phases significantly lower impression strength.
So, how does this phenomenon restrict the utmost diameter of super duplex stainless steel bars? Even when quenched, it’s not potential to remove the heat from giant bars shortly enough to avoid the formation of those unfavorable phases. Norsok-qualified manufacturers control the transfer time from furnace to quench, and the maximum water temperature. However, above 16” /, the cooling price is still too sluggish to ensure no sigma or chi formation.
For this purpose, Langley Alloys chooses not to stock super duplex stainless steel bars in bigger diameters. If you have to produce larger elements what are your options?

We inventory tremendous duplex plate up to 3” / 76.2mm thickness. This permits larger diameter items to be supplied, albeit limited to the maximum thickness of the plate.
If the part can’t be machined from 3”/76.2mm thick plate or 16”/406.4mm diameter bar then bespoke forgings might be a piece around, if the ruling section does not exceed this most allowable dimension.
Hot isostatic urgent (HIP) is less widely used, on account of its relative cost, lead time and availability. Parts are produced from powder in high-pressure furnaces. As the mould (‘pattern’) for the powder to create the element can embrace central bores, the ruling part could be decrease than a solid item. Subsequent warmth treatment can achieve the required cooling charges.
Heat treatment after machining is viable for some parts. Machining might remove up to half the beginning weight of a stable bar. Central bores might dramatically scale back the ruling part. The only risk after heat treatment is potential distortion throughout cooling. Therefore, warmth treatment must be undertaken after proof machining to allow a ultimate finish machine stage.
Let the Langley Alloys group assist your sourcing of corrosion resistant alloys, with our extensive stocks, added services and technical assist.

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